Human transport / travel is varied and has been changed with time and technology from the past to the present. Whether transported by horse Developed into a horse harness, wagon / carriage, train, rowing boat and others, but if talking about transportation in modern times People tend to think of 4-wheeled vehicles first because they have been popular since the 18th century onwards. We can divide transportation into 3 major categories which are
Collective transportation Or collective transportation. The purpose of collective transportation is to provide the mobility and accessibility of transportation for urban people. All operations will be managed by a department or organization. Users will have to pay the fare for the service, while the "Efficiency" of combined transportation will depend on the number of passengers. The more the better the breakeven point (Economies of Scales). This type of transportation includes Transport by tram, train, public transport / Routes or even ferry ferries too
Personal Transportation (Individual Transportation) is the only travel / transportation. This includes traveling by yourself in the form of driving a personal car. Cycling / motorcycles Or even on foot as well Most people tend to travel by themselves. But the format will be different in each country. For example, 88% of the population of Tokyo in Japan will travel by walking While the population of Los Angeles The second largest city in the United States will travel by walking only 3% etc.
Freight (Freight Transportation) when the city becomes a center of production and consumption. Most activities that occur are therefore a tremendous amount of transportation. The transportation occurs is usually transportation between factories. Distribution center And retail stores Or from the pier, train station, airport to the distribution center too With the growth of online commerce (e-commerce), the volume of goods / parcels in urban areas is also abundant.
As is known that Technological advances have created innovations that can change the world. As well as the vision of future transportation That will change from the original format Well-known billionaire businessman Elon Musk, the founder and executive of SpaceX and Tesla Motors. Who sparked the idea of a high-speed transportation system like "Hyperloop" and are developing a space rocket that can actually travel to Mars by 2022 (from the article "From city to city Across the continent in less than an hour "). Both major car manufacturers are developing Self-driving Vehicle. That is really trying to run on the road Which makes the transportation trend in the future more likely to change in 4 ways as follows
1. The amount of cars will increase. But the size of the car will be smaller
Although sales of SUVs (Sport Utility Vehicle) and trucks are increasing globally But the trend is due to the falling oil prices While there is still uncertainty about the supply of fuel in the global market, however, personal transportation in urban areas still has the largest proportion of personal cars in 2015, the largest car manufacturer like Toyota. Has experimented with a 3-wheel drive electric vehicle called "i-Road", which combines the distinctive characteristics of personal cars and motorcycles that fit together Which this project is expanding throughout Japan Where electric vehicle charging stations are more common than conventional fuel stations With Japan aiming to be the first country to use intelligent transportation systems The government has therefore created an international standard for electric vehicle charging.
2. The footpath and bicycle lane will increase
In the next 10 years, bicycles will become the most transportation vehicles in urban areas New technology will come. Making the distance of travel to various points in the city shorter While "Scooter" and "Segway" vehicles (two-wheel vehicles consisting of seats and pedestals mounted on axles) will be used for personal transportation. Not having to have parking space and no steering wheel to control the direction Allowing the travel of such vehicles to be used in conjunction with pedestrianism, for example, "Uni-Cub" of Honda car manufacturers Is a compact mobile device developed by Honda's unique technology, such as Balance Control and Honda Omni Traction Drive System (which is The world's first Omni-directional driving wheel system) that allows the wheel drive to spin freely in all directions, forwards, backwards, sideways and diagonally, which makes people enjoy the same way that walking, with Uni-Cub being tested for use. Jobs in the airport The mall Museums and other indoor locations in Japan Honda's intelligent mobile devices are designed to enable users to interact with others at eye level. While the hands of users can do other activities too (Because you don't have to force a bunch to turn like a car scooter / moped) or it can be said that Uni-Cube is a device that meets the limits of human motion picture without limits Which makes it a remarkable tool in the future
3. Transportation will not be only moving people But will move things around us
Today, people use personal cars, partly because they want to carry consumer goods from their shopping. Sports equipment and personal belongings, but in the future we will use "autonomous wheeled robots" that will carry loads of things to travel and follow us everywhere. The robot is named "Gita" of the company Piaggio, an automotive manufacturer from Italy. (Which is currently being tested
4. Auto driven vehicles Will make us see more and more information
The main obstacle to the development of the public transport automation that we have dreamed of over the years is the old systems and infrastructure. The road that we use today Not only that, but also the data networks of different cities. Today, automatic driving cars and drones are used in more than 1,000 locations, but in the future the volume will increase to over a million in every area of the world. While the advanced technology will allow them to communicate and communicate with each other via mobile phones or devices in the home. In addition, with the "5G" network "Super Wifi" large antenna networks and wave technology Millimeter in the future that is faster More stable and more reliable is created to handle the enormous amount of data that will occur, but no country in the world today has such a complete infrastructure. Advanced networks are being developed, such as Qualcomm, Nokia and Samsung, which are expected to be available before 2030. At that time, it will definitely improve the travel and well-being of the people around the world.
The economy of the city society is developing rapidly. Transportation in urban areas is a challenge that affects large cities: for large cities, production, distribution and consumption are abundant in a limited area. While small cities around large cities Rare resources Is the road / route And parking spaces. "City Logistics" has become a strategy to ensure that Effective product transportation And is an innovation that responds to the needs of the population in various cities, which is to respond to business needs as well. When the economy continues to grow More products sold The method of inventory management of various stores will change and vary seasonally throughout the year. This causes the logistics services to adjust their strategies accordingly, such as the increased demand for Express Transportation etc. and the success of the business depends on the transportation system that can be adjusted in time. More than that The intensity of product distribution in urban areas depends on the economic characteristics of each region. And local culture Which leads to differences in product distribution in urban areas Take a look at some examples of large cities around the world.
Paris: The capital city of France, which has a population of approximately 2.17 million people. Due to the policy and culture of the city that focuses on the environment (limited Carbon Footprint) to improve the quality of life of the population and maintain the city as a cultural and cultural center. Top travel in the world Therefore have an impact on product distribution strategies that need to focus on Green Logistics to support their image
Chicago: Known as the Windy city. Located in Illinois, the United States is the largest city. 3 by population (After New York and Los Angeles) because Chicago aims to maintain its role as a rail hub and distribution platform in North America. Resulting in an enormous amount of activity in production and distribution But because the Chicago area is at the confluence of the Class I railways and airlines, the destination stations are separate and unconnected, causing congestion of trucks and containers to be transported to another location. While the second largest city, Los Angeles, is facing environmental problems including noise and air pollution. And there is a controversy as a gateway to trade in East Asia and other duties related to tourism and cultural activities. Therefore there are issues to consider when transporting trucks to the main port and the distribution center / city of the product.
Shanghai: Shanghai is the largest city in China. In the past it was just a fishing village. But now, Shanghai Became the most densely populated city in China And has the largest shipping port in the world, like a hub that supports Chinese exports. Therefore, most shipments are linked to the global distribution process. Because it is the port that has the largest number of boats in the world
Istanbul: is the most populous city in Turkey. Located in the Bosporus Strait, which makes Istanbul the only major city in the world on two continents, Europe (the Thrace coast of Bosphorus) and Asia. (The Anatolia side) Istanbul is facing growing economic problems. Together with the urban society (Urbanization) that grows rapidly Combined with unique geographical restrictions Cause scarcity of plains and urbanization by the Bosporus Strait. Istanbul plays an important trade role because it is a platform that connects trade between the East. Europe and the Black Sea. What happened was Restrictions on product distribution in the resulting environment The solution is that Istanbul is developing a large infrastructure. Along with the new airport and the relocation of production plants to offshore areas as well
However, the 4 trends mentioned above are expected to occur in the next 20 years, which will affect urban society and logistics mechanisms. When every Change according to time Businesses must remember to monitor the situation and look positively to deal with what is happening. Because every event has a hidden opportunity Only we will see and then quickly grab it before it's too late or not.